The SOC questionnaire

Consensual validity refers to the agreement of experts that a measure is valid. To date the consensual validity of the SOC scale seems to be moderate.[Eriksson, 2007] Most of the studies used one of the original scales (SOC-29, SOC-13) in scientific disciplines like medicine/psychiatry/psychology, public health/health science, nursing, sociology, social work, and pedagogy.

Note! The SOC scales including translations from English to other languages are copyrighted and their use is generally free for academic, non-commercial purposes. The questionnaire is intended for research purposes only, and may not be used for diagnostic or clinical purposes. By "diagnostic or clinical" it is meant that the SOC score cannot be the basis of any kind of physical, mental, cognitive, social or emotional diagnosis, assessment or treatment of the respondent, and cannot direct therapeutic or medical decisions of any kind. The scales may not be distributed in printed electronic form without explicit permission from the copyright holder (Avishai Antnovosky). Permission to republish the scale is required, i.e. in various forms of theses. 

To obtain permission to use the scales, please contact Dr. Avishai Antonovsky at On behalf of Dr. Avishai Antonovsky permission can be obtained by Professor Bengt Lindstrom, Center on Health Promotion and Resources, University of Trondheim, Norway, or Associate Professor Monica Eriksson, University West, Department of Health Sciences, Trollhattan, Sweden

Before granting the permission please inform about your research study as follows:

1. What is your main research question, or the main purpose of the study?

2. Which version of the scale will you use (SOC-29, SOC-13, other), in which language? Do you already have a copy of the scale and do you know how to calculate its score?

3. Are you aware that the use of the SOC scale is intended for research purposes only, not for clinical or diagnostic purposes?

4. What kind of population are you sampling, and what is the sample size?

5. How do you intend to administer the questionnaire (in a group, individually face to face, electronically via secure web site etc)?

6. Are you familiar with Antonovsky's (1987) book, Unraveling the mystery of health, with the salutogenic model and with the theoretical considerations that have led to the construction of the "Orientation to Life" (SOC) questionnaire?

7. What is your affiliation (University, Department, Postal Address)