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University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture has in 2011 established the Center on Salutogenesis. We are today responsible for the a the website We are running a systematic and analytical research synthesis on salutogenic research 1992-up to date. The website is a continuation of a former one located in Helsinki, Finland. The new website is now in Swedish and in English.

We continuously update the sites including the database (only in English). However, to build up and keep it  updated is time consuming. Therefore we invite authors of scientific papers published in peer reviewed journals to join us in this task. Please fill in a review protocol (in English) of your study in line with the presented model. Please send your review protocol to the Responsible Editor of the website, Monica Eriksson. We will thereafter put the information into the Database. This is a possibility for Authors to spread their findings to all of us interested in the field of salutogenesis. Thank you for your cooperation!


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Psychosocial job characteristics, social support and sense of coherence as determinants of mental health among nurses


Correlational analysis, Logistic regression analysis, Odds ratio
To explore the associations between psychosocial job characteristics, social support, and internal resources as determinants of mental health status in a sample of Kaunas district nurses.
SOC Scale
SOC-3 point scale
Statistical data
Statistical data

N=638 (response rate, 58,3 %) N=372


SOC in relation to mental distress, low physical activity, and self-rated health

% (N)

Mental distress % (N)

Low physical activity, % (N)

Worse health now as compared to one year ago, % (N)

13.8 (51)
54.3 (201)
31.9 (118)
14.7 (29)
45.8 (54)
45.1 (23)
54.2 (109)
70.3 (83)
17.6 (9)
22.1 (44)
40.7 (48)
Other measures:
Goldberg 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), Swedish version of Karasek Demand-Control questionnaire
Main result

Less than one-third (23 %) of nurses had symptoms of mental distress; 31.9 % of nurses had weak sense of coherence. High job demands were associated with mental distress after adjustment for age, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, job control, social support, sense of coherence, family crisis, self rated health as compared to one year ago (OR=1.22; 95% Cl, 0.64–2.31), job-strain low social support at work (OR=3.78; 95% Cl, 2.08–6.87).


Weak sense of coherence was a strong indicator of GHQ caseness.

Sense of coherence negatively correlated with social support (Pearson correlation, -0.282, P<0.01).

In the study weak sense of coherence was found to be a strong predictor of mental health.


Mental distress among the nurses of Kaunas district was associated with adverse psychosocial job characteristics. Job strain-low social support at work was the strongest risk factor for mental distress among nurses. Strong sense of coherence as personal characteristic served as buffer, protecting nurses against the development of mental health problems.


Malinauskiene, V., Leisyte, P., Malinauskas, R. Psychosocial job characteristics, social support and sense of coherence as determinants of mental health among nurses. Medicina (Kaunas) 2009; 45 (11): 910-7

Inserted: 14.12.2010 18:56:21
Updated: 27.06.2013 11:01:17