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About the Database

University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture has in 2011 established the Center on Salutogenesis. We are today responsible for the a the website We are running a systematic and analytical research synthesis on salutogenic research 1992-up to date. The website is a continuation of a former one located in Helsinki, Finland. The new website is now in Swedish and in English.

We continuously update the sites including the database (only in English). However, to build up and keep it  updated is time consuming. Therefore we invite authors of scientific papers published in peer reviewed journals to join us in this task. Please fill in a review protocol (in English) of your study in line with the presented model. Please send your review protocol to the Responsible Editor of the website, Monica Eriksson. We will thereafter put the information into the Database. This is a possibility for Authors to spread their findings to all of us interested in the field of salutogenesis. Thank you for your cooperation!


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Relationship between work-family conflict and a sense of coherence among Japanese registered nurses

Mean age 36.2 (± 8.0)
Interviews, Questionnaire

ANOVA, Correlational analysis, Hierarchical regression analysis, Multiple regression analysis
To determine the relationship between Work–family conflict (WFC) and SOC and to clarify how WFC and a SOC influence the mental and physical health of nurses in order to suggest ways of establishing work environments that enable nurses to achieve a balance between their work and family life.
SOC Scale
SOC-13, 7-point Likert scale
Statistical data

N=388, response rate 77.0 %, N=298. 288 completed (valid response rate 74.0 %)

Of the 288 responses the analysis was restricted to 138 who were mother and/or wife.

SOC mean 56.7 ± 9.9 (range 13–91)

Other measures: work characteristics, work-related stress (Japanese version of Karasek´s Job Content Questionnaire), family-friendly organisational culture (FFOC), family related variables, Cumulative fatigue symptoms index (CFSI-18), center for epidemiologic studies depression (CES-D), work to family conflict (WFC), individual related variables
Main result

Work–family conflict was significantly related to the SOC. I had a larger impact on the mental and physical health of nurses than their work and family characteristics. The SOC also had a major influence on the physical and mental health of nurses, while having a buffering effect on WFC with respect to depression.


1. Causal relationships could not be determined due to cross-sectional study

2. All variables were based on self report

3. Although a preliminary survey was conducted during the production of the questionnaire, because of the multiple scales, the number of questions might have been comparatively large, which might have tired the respondents.

4. The FFOC scale used in this study was generated b using a existing scale. The items that did not fit the nature of nursing as an occupation were excluded.

5. Possible sampling bias. All respondents were nurses who were able to work despite having problems with WFC; the study did not include nurses who left a job due to WFC.

6. Regional differences could not be examined because all respondents worked in the Tokyo metropolitan area.

7. The sample size was small.

Relationship between work-family conflict and a sense of coherence among Japanese registered nurses. Takeuchi T, Yamazaki Y. Jpn J Nurs Sci. 2010 Dec;7(2):158-68. doi:10.1111/j.1742-7924.2010.00154.x. Epub 2010 Aug 24
Inserted: 21.01.2011 14:45:59
Updated: 27.06.2013 10:40:58