The Database

About the Database

University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture has in 2011 established the Center on Salutogenesis. We are today responsible for the a the website We are running a systematic and analytical research synthesis on salutogenic research 1992-up to date. The website is a continuation of a former one located in Helsinki, Finland. The new website is now in Swedish and in English.

We continuously update the sites including the database (only in English). However, to build up and keep it  updated is time consuming. Therefore we invite authors of scientific papers published in peer reviewed journals to join us in this task. Please fill in a review protocol (in English) of your study in line with the presented model. Please send your review protocol to the Responsible Editor of the website, Monica Eriksson. We will thereafter put the information into the Database. This is a possibility for Authors to spread their findings to all of us interested in the field of salutogenesis. Thank you for your cooperation!


Olegsot (logout)
Search the database
Text search:   

Sense of coherence and substance use in Spanish adolescents. Does the effect of SOC depend on patterns of substance use in their peer group?

Aged 13 - 18
Mean age 16,12
Cross-sectional, Questionnaire

Logistic regression analysis
Analyse the effect of SOC in adolescents’ substance use (including tobacco use, alcohol use and drunkenness), and explore the influence of SOC and patterns of substance use in the peer group simultaneously, so that information will be obtained about the possibility that the protective effect of SOC, if so, is moderated by the patterns of substance use in the adolescents’ peer group.
SOC Scale
SOC-29, 7-point Likert scale
Statistical data
(n, mean total SOC, mean the three dimensions, SOC division, correlates to other standardized measures, response rate)
N= 5475
SOC division: Adolescents with high SOC (scores ≥75 PC) are compared with the rest of adolescents in the sample.
Main result
A strong SOC seemed to reduce the adolescents’ likelihood of involving in tobacco use and drunkenness, but it was not associated with being a current drinker. In addition, the protective effect of SOC was moderated by peers’ patterns of substance use. Specifically, SOC had a significant protective influence in adolescents whose peer group showed either a non-consumption pattern or a pattern of frequent alcohol use and occasional drunkenness; but the protective effect of SOC disappeared if peers showed a pattern of consumption that included illegal drugs. In conclusion, SOC tends to act as a protective personal variable with respect to substance use during adolescence, but the influence exerted by the peer group seems to moderate the aforementioned protective effect of SOC.
Limitations: Cross-sectional design does not allow drawing definitive conclusions about the direction of the relationships between the examined variables and SOC. The source of information was the adolescent and adolescents may overestimate similarity between their friends’ and their own behaviour.
Inserted: 03.09.2013 14:27:19
Updated: 04.09.2013 16:09:45