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University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture has in 2011 established the Center on Salutogenesis. We are today responsible for the a the website www.salutogenesis.hv.se. We are running a systematic and analytical research synthesis on salutogenic research 1992-up to date. The website is a continuation of a former one located in Helsinki, Finland. The new website is now in Swedish and in English.

We continuously update the sites including the database (only in English). However, to build up and keep it  updated is time consuming. Therefore we invite authors of scientific papers published in peer reviewed journals to join us in this task. Please fill in a review protocol (in English) of your study in line with the presented model. Please send your review protocol to the Responsible Editor of the website, Monica Eriksson. We will thereafter put the information into the Database. This is a possibility for Authors to spread their findings to all of us interested in the field of salutogenesis. Thank you for your cooperation!

 
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The social environment is most important for not using snus or smoking among adolescents

Year
2012
Country
Sweden
Sample
Adolescents
Aged 17 - 17
Mean age 17
Method
Cross-sectional

Analysis
Logistic regression analysis
Aim
To identify factors, which were related to being smoke-free and snus-free, respectively, among adolescents in relation to adolescents who were smoking and/or using snus, and determine if there were any sex differences.
SOC Scale
Statistical data

 (n, mean total SOC, mean the three dimensions, SOC division, correlates to other standardized measures, response rate)
Following the salutogenic approach to the study, factors associated with not smoking and not using snus were identified using the χ²-test. Variables included in the model were those with a significant (p < 0.20) bivariate relation to the dependent variable and with low correlation (rs² < 0.20) to each other. All explanatory variables were dichotomized according to their median value. Correlation was analysed using Pearson’s r coefficient. The analyses were performed using a backward procedure, with a step-by-step elimination of non-significant predictor variables, until all remaining variables were significant. All analyses were performed with a sex-specific approach, and the results of the analyses are expressed as Positive Odds Ratio (POR) and 95 % Confidence interval (CI).

Language
English
Main result
Main results
The prevalence of being smoke- free was 75.6 percent for girls and 70.2 percent for boys, whilst the prevalence of being snus- free was 95.1 percent for girls and 70.2 percent for boys. Having a tobacco-free best friend was the most important factor that correlated with being smoke- and snus-free as an adolescent, for both boys and girls. Good living habits, such as drinking less alcohol, were also central to being smoke-free and snus-free.
References
Ingrid Edvardsson, Lena Lendahls, Tobias Andersson, Göran Ejlertsson The social environment is most important for not using snus or smoking among adolescents
Vol.4, No.12, 1247-1255 (2012) Health
Inserted: 26.06.2013 11:23:22
Updated: 04.09.2013 12:59:00